Depression is a mood disorder categorized by persistent sadness and a general loss of interest or pleasure present during the same two week period that represents a change from previous level of functioning. In any given year, around 16.1 million adults will be affected by depression in the United States. So if you suspect you may have depression, you’re not alone.
Depression can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. Those who suffer may experience difficulty with routine tasks like getting out of bed, eating regular meals and other day to day activities of appropriate self-care. Depression is not just feeling “sad” or “unmotivated” — it is the continued and overwhelming presence of these feelings even if there’s no external cause.
How do I know if I have depression?
There is no simple answer to this question. Depression can look different for every person. That being said, there are a few places where you can start looking for help.
First, it’s helpful to know the main symptoms of depression. People with depression often:
- Feel helpless or hopeless
- Lose interest in simple pleasures or activities/hobbies they previously enjoyed
- Experience disturbed eating and sleeping patterns
- Frequently feel overly irritable or easily angered
- Lack energy and motivation
- Experienced impaired concentration and ability to focus
If some of these common depression symptoms are familiar to you, you might benefit from taking a free self-assessment such as this one, which clinicians can use to measure depression severity.
This tool can also help track how you’re doing, so that you have a better sense of whether or not you should seek care. Of course, this is just an online tool. It’s not meant to replace the opinion of a mental health professional.
I think I have depression. What are my treatment options?
If you or someone you know is living with depression, there are many options for treatment. Some of the most popular options include psychotherapy and medication.
There are many different types of psychotherapy (also known as talk therapy). Three of the most popular types include: cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy, and psychodynamic therapy.
CBT focuses on the connection between thoughts, behaviors and feelings and challenging negative thoughts and maladaptive behaviors that often trigger or exacerbate depressive symptoms.
Interpersonal psychotherapy focuses on understanding you and your relationships with others. The main goal of interpersonal psychotherapy is to improve the quality of interpersonal relationships and social functioning to help reduce depressive symptoms.
Psychodynamic psychotherapy focuses on unconscious processes that are manifested in the form of negative emotions such as depression and maladaptive behaviors that can worsen depressive symptoms. This type of therapy places an emphasis on interpreting mental processes to reveal the unconscious content that creates psychic tension leading to symptoms of depression. The goal with psychodynamic therapy is to find patterns in yourself and, as a result, gain better self-understanding.
Therapists often use a blend of all three approaches.
Another popular treatment option to alleviate depression is medications. Over 60% of people who choose to use antidepressants report a reduction in their depressive symptoms, and medication can be an effective, long-term solution.
Many people choose to use either psychotherapy or medication alone, and many use both. In fact, research shows the combination of both produces the best outcomes compared to treatment with either approach alone.
However, what works for one person might not work for another, so it is important to remember that your mental health journey is a personal and individual path
Luckily, personalizing your mental health journey is getting easier. Today, technology like genetic testing (sometimes also called pharmacogenomic testing) helps guide clinicians to make more individualized recommendations for your care.
Your genes drive up to 90% of your response to a medication including how likely you are to experience adverse side effects. By understanding your genetic makeup, you may save yourself months of trial and error with different antidepressants.
And remember, no matter what treatment you do or do not choose to try, there is help out there. Even though your journey is unique, you don’t have to be on your own.